Version 12 (modified by trac, 7 years ago) (diff)


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Operand encoding

The GCN1.0/1.1 delivers maximum 104 registers (with VCC). Basic list of destination scalar operands have 128 entries. Source operands codes is in range 0-255.

Important: Two SGPR's must be aligned to 2. Four or more SGPR's must be aligned to 4.

Following list describes all operand codes values:

Code Name Description
0-103 S0 - S103 SGPR's (GCN1.0/1.1)
0-101 S0 - S101 SGPR's (GCN1.2)
104-105 FLAT_SCRATCH FLAT_SCRATCH register (GCN1.1)
104 FLAT_SCRATCH_LO Low half of FLAT_SCRATCH register (GCN1.1)
105 FLAT_SCRATCH_HI High half of FLAT_SCRATCH register (GCN1.1)
102-103 FLAT_SCRATCH FLAT_SCRATCH register (GCN1.2)
102 FLAT_SCRATCH_LO Low half of FLAT_SCRATCH register (GCN1.2)
103 FLAT_SCRATCH_HI High half of FLAT_SCRATCH register (GCN1.2)
104-105 XNACK_MASK XNACK_MASK register
104 XNACK_MASK_LO Low half of XNACK_MASK register
105 XNACK_MASK_HI High half of XNACK_MASK register
106-107 VCC VCC (vector carry register) two last SGPR's
106 VCC_LO Low half of VCC
107 VCC_HI High half of VCC
108-109 TBA Trap handler base address
108 TBA_LO Low half of TBA register
109 TBA_HI High half of TBA register
110-111 TMA Pointer to data in memory used by trap handler
110 TMA_LO Low half of TMA register
111 TMA_HI High half of TMA register
112-123 TTMP0 - TTMP11 Trap handler temporary registers
124 M0 M0. Memory register
125 - reserved
126-127 EXEC EXEC register
126 EXEC_LO Low half of EXEC register
127 EXEC_HI High half of EXEC register
128 0 0
129-192 1-64 1 to 64 constant value
193-208 -1 - -16 -1 to -16 constant value
209-239 - reserved
240 0.5 0.5 floating point value
241 -0.5 -0.5 floating point value
242 1.0 1.0 floating point value
243 -1.0 -1.0 floating point value
244 2.0 2.0 floating point value
245 -2.0 -2.0 floating point value
246 4.0 4.0 floating point value
247 -4.0 -4.0 floating point value
248 1/(2*PI) 1/(2*PI)
249 -- SDWA dword (GCN1.2)
250 -- DPP dword (GCN1.2)
251 VCCZ VCCZ register
252 EXECZ EXECZ register
253 SCC SCC register
254 LDS_DIRECT LDS direct access
254 LDS LDS direct access
254 SRC_LDS_DIRECT LDS direct access
255 255 Literal constant (follows instruction dword)
256-511 V0-V255 VGPR's (only VOP3 encoding operands)

Operand syntax

Single operands can be given by their name: s0, v54. CLRX assemblers accepts syntax with brackets: s[0], s[z], v[66]. In many instructions operands are 64-bit, 96-bit or even 128-bit. These operands consists several registers that can be expressed by ranges: v[3:4], s[8:11], s[16:23], where second value is last register's number.

Names of the registers are case-insensitive.

Constant values are automatically resolved if expression have already value. The 1/(2*PI), 1.0, -2.0 and other floating point constant values will be resolved if that accurate floating point value will be given.

In instruction syntax, operands are listed by name of the encoding field. Optionally, in parentheses is given number of the registers. The ranges of number of a registers are in form 'START:LAST'. Example:

Syntax: S_SUB_I32 SDST, SSRC0, SSRC1
Syntax: S_AND_B64 SDST(2), SSRC0(2), SSRC1(2)
Syntax: S_AND_B64 SDST(2), SSRC0(2), SSRC1(2:4)

Constants and literals

There are two ways to supply immediate value to GCN instruction: first is builtin constants (both integer and floating points) and second is 32-bit immediate. Some type encoding allow to supply immediate with various size (16-bit or 12-bit).

The literals are differently treated for scalar instructions and for vector instructions. In scalar instructions if operand is 64-bit, the literal value is exact value 64-bit value (sign or zero extended). By contrast, in vector instructions, for 64-bit operand, the literal is higher 32-bits of value (lower 32-bit are zero). Unhapilly, the CLRX assembler always encodes and decodes literal immediate as 32-bit value (except floating values). The immediate constants are always exact value, either for 32-bit and 64-bit operands. For example, instructions v_frexp_exp_i32_f64 v3, lit(45) and v_frexp_exp_i32_f64 v3, 45 generates different results, because literal and constant will be have different meaning.

NOTE: These same literals and constants gives different values for 64-bit operand in vector instructions. To distinguish values, please use lit() function.

OLD_VERSIONS: This version of CLRadeonExtender adds '--buggyFPLit' option to support sources for older versions (to 0.1.2). Versions to 0.1.2 incorrectly handles floating point literals and constants due to wrong assumptions. This and later versions fix that behaviour.

Old and buggy behaviour:

  • support only half and single floating point literals (and constants)
  • shorten literals to constant only for single floating point literals

New behaviour:

  • support half, single and double (only higher 32-bits) floating point literals (and constants)
  • shorten literals to constant for half, single and double literals (type depends from operand type)

Hardware registers

These register could be read or written by S_GETREG_* and S_SETREG_* instruction.

List of hardware registers:


LDS direct access

The LDS direct access allow to access LDS memory from VOP instruction directly by supplying LDS, LDS_DIRECT or SRC_LDS_DIRECT keyword on the first source operand. Then data from LDS will be used on place that operand.

The M0 must hold the offset in bytes (in 0-15 bits) and format of the data (in bits 16-18). Table of formats:

Value Format
0 Unsigned byte
1 Unsigned 16-bit word
2 Unsigned 32-bit word
3 unused (same as 2)
4 Signed byte
5 Signed 16-bit word

A LDS direct access doesn't require S_WAITCNT LGKMCNT(0) (??? check).

Parametrizable modifiers

Many an instruction's modifiers can have parameter that have value 0 or 1. This feature allow to easily parametrize modifiers. The value 1 enables modifier, zero disables it. tfe:0 disable TFE modifier, tfe:1 enables it. The value of parameter is an expression. The omod modifier with parameter (expression) replaces mul and div modifiers. The format in MTBUF encoding is also parametrizable if data and/or number format expression will be preceded by @ character.